September 5, 2019
Mike Hudson, director of the Museum of the American Printing House for the Blind, presented on the history of braille, from 1784 to the modern day, and why we still use it.
- American Printing House for the Blind Home Page
- Museum of the American Printing House for the Blind
- News from NLS on the availability of braille displays in the future.
- Cubarithm Grid from APH, which can be used to set up mathematical problems.
August 29, 2019
This week's discussion was an open-ended question and answer session. The group shared several great resources for braille labelers and tips on learning dot spacing and alignment.
August 22, 2019
We discussed the limitations and opportunities you might encounter when it comes to your braille reading proficiency.
August 15, 2019
Dennis Sellers led a demonstration on creating a braille drawing of a sailboat. Keep a braille sheet and slate and stylus, or your braille writer, handy while you listen.
- "So What About Drawing?" - Instructions for Drawing with your braillewriter (PDF format) by Marie Porter, Published and produced by the Guild for the Blind (now known as Second Sense) in Chicago, IL
- Braille drawing instructions from Paths to Literacy
August 8, 2019
Hadley Learning Expert Linn Sorge presented this week, along with three other musicians, to talk about braille music.
- How to Read Braille Music by Bettye Krolick
- National Braille Press Music Resources
- Music Education Network for The Visually Impaired (MENVI)
- Music materials from NLS BARD
- Braille Music Division of NLS: Call 800-424-8567
- Braille Music Resources from the National Federation of the Blind
Contact Hadley Learning Expert Linn Sorge at firstname.lastname@example.org
July 25, 2019
This week's discussion was an open-ended question and answer session. The group shared many great resources for incorporating more practice into your day.
Sources of Braille Books and Magazines:
- National Library Service for the Blind produces books and magazines in uncontracted and contracted braille. Call 888-NLS-READ (888-657-7323)
- National Federation of the Blind publishes the Braille Monitor in contracted braille. Call (410) 659-9314
- American Council of the Blind publishes the Braille Forum in contracted braille. Call (800) 424-8666
- American Action Fund for Blind Children and Adults sponsors a braille book sharing program.
- National Braille Press produces Syndicated Columnists Weekly ($24), and a women's magazine, Our Special ($15), in contracted braille. A catalog of titles in both uncontracted and contracted braille is also available. Call (800) 548-7323 ext. 520
- Seedlings Braille Books for Children produces books in uncontracted and contracted braille. Call (734) 427-8552
June 27, 2019
This week's discussion was an open-ended question and answer session. We also paid tribute to Helen Keller for her 139th birthday.
To commemorate Helen Keller's 139th birthday on June 27, here is a letter from Helen Keller to the National Braille Press founder, Francis Ierardi.
June 13, 2019
This week we discussed the hypothetical: what if Louis Braille had not become blind?
This week we talked about Louis Braille and braille literacy. More information about Louis Braille.
Braille Literacy Statistics:
The American Printing House for the Blind polls each state for data on children between the ages of 4 and 21. Their results are alarming, it is estimated that 60,400 students are attending public schools or public ran programs. Here is a breakdown of the literacy percentages for these children:
- 34.8% of students are identified as non-readers
- 9.2% of students are defined as auditory readers
- 18.3% of students are pre-readers (learning the reading basics)
- 29.2% of students are defined as print readers
- 8.5% are identified as Braille readers
Contributed by Michelle Boyd. Source: BrailleWorks
Notes from Sheila Gunn on what would have happened if Louis Braille had not become blind.
May 23, 2019
This week we talked about the role of braille embossers in promoting braille.
May 16, 2019
Let's talk about common braille errors that can occur in reading and writing.
This week we talked about common errors that can occur in reading and writing braille.
- Research study by Vassilis Argyropoulos and Vassilios Papadimitriou:
Braille Reading Accuracy of Students Who Are Visually Impaired: The Effects of Gender, Age at Vision Loss, and Level of Education
- Braille: The System of Dot Distance and Alignment
Word Document by Hadley Learning Expert Vileen Shah
May 9, 2019
Let's talk about the usability and affordability of Braille writers.
April 18, 2019
How can braille pen technology enhance your independence? Speaker Darrin Cheney will join us for this discussion.
Embracing Braille group participant Darrin Cheney led the conversation this week to talk about the BraillePen and how this technology enhances your independence! Here's a quick note from Darrin:
I set two goals when I decided to learn braille with Hadley: read and write without sight; and read web-braille books. While I was taking Braille Literacy 3 & 4, I researched web-braille and reading electronic files with a refreshable braille display. I purchased a BraillePen refreshable braille display and an iDevice to create a braille notetaker that would enhance my independence.
The BraillePen is an ultra-portable braille refreshable display - about the same size as a 1 inch thick, 4 X 6 notecard. A BraillePen pairs perfectly with your iDevice, smartphone, or computer via BlueTooth. It has the familiar Perkins style, 6 braille keys to enter text either in uncontracted or contracted braille; a Space button, a Control button, and an Alt button to perform various functions; two navigation keys to pan the braille left and right; and a joystick to navigate and to select items.
A refreshable braille display has cells where pins raise and lower depending on what text you are reading. An electronic braille page has 40 cells per line and 25 lines per page. The BraillePen has 12 cells. As you press pan left or right, the BraillePen will refresh the display. An integrated cursor routing system allows you to select and move your cursor to a particular cell which is desireable for writing and editing text. You can set the display input or output text in either uncontracted or contracted braille depending on your skill level.
I use my iPhone with VoiceOver - the integrated Apple accessible technology software built into the operating system - to control my BraillePen. I can keep my iPhone in my Pocket, and use the BraillePen without someone listening in. At a doctor visit, I can send a text message to my wife, check my calendar, read my notes, or even search for information. At home or on the go, I can also write email, articles, or that first novel. Plus, I can also read any text on a web page, iBook, .PDF file, or from any app.
Web-braille is an electronic file that is translated into braille with special software like Duxbury. These web braille or .BRF files are displayed on your device. Both NLS and BookShare have thousands of braille books you can download and read if you have an account. NLS uses the BARD: The Braille and Audio Reading Download system. I use the BARD Mobile iOS app from NLS to download web braille books on my iPhone and read them on my BraillePen.
The BraillePen 12 Touch sells for $995 and you can buy it direct from Harpo in Poland. There are other similar braille displays for around $1,000-$1,500. You'll spend more if you add cells and other features. Take some time to research and talk to other braille display users before you spend your cash.
In conclusion, I like using my BraillePen and the independence it provides. It allows me to be literate where I can read and write effectively by touch and access thousands of books. The BraillePen is a good place to start for new braille users wanting to learn more about accessible electronic braille.
Content shared during discussions is for general information purposes only. We encourage you to thoroughly consider if any resource or suggestion is a good fit for you. The inclusion of links does not imply a recommendation or endorsement. The opinions expressed by the participants are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of Hadley.